epidemiology pdf ethiopia

3 Business Economics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. A manual search for additional relevant studies using references from retrieved articles was Epidemiology of trachoma and its implications for implementing the “SAFE” strategy in Somali Region, Ethiopia: results of 14 population-based prevalence surveys Ahmed Badei Duale a, Nebiyu Negussu Ayele , Colin K Macleodb,c, Amir Bedri Kellod, Zelalem Eshetu Gezachewe, Once infected, a mosquito can then spread the virus to other people it bites. Especially, goats are attractive to people of Ethiopia because of the ability to resist challenges, easily adapt to different ecological regions, and need small land to rearing and small initial capital in which poor people can engaged in the production system. … Rabies is one of the most severe infectious diseases in Ethiopia, with many cases of the disease diagnosed in various parts of the country. However, it is left undiagnosed in low- and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. P.O. Thus, this review summarizes available literature on the genomic diversity, geospatial distribution and transmission patterns of Mtb lineages (L) and sublineages in Ethiopia. Conclusion and Recommendation: Hypertension was substantially prevalent in Ethiopia, which calls for the implementation of timely and appropriate strategies for the prevention and control of the disease. patterns and epidemiology of poisoning in Ethiopia. You can protect yourself against chikungunya … It is a common reason for visits to emergency departments and for hospitalization worldwide and its morbidity and mortality is becoming a major public health issue in many countries. While the program is relatively young, positive and significant impacts are assisting the country better detect and respond to epidemics and address diseases of major public health significance. However, it is left undiagnosed in low- and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and … Livestock are a major cornerstone for livelihoods of smallholders in the highlands of Ethiopia. The epidemiology of syphilis in Ethiopia: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis covering the last three decades Kindie Mitiku Kebede1*, Dejene Derseh Abateneh2, Alemayehu Sayih Belay3 and Gizachew Ayele Manaye4 Abstract Background: Several individual epidemiological studies in Ethiopia suggest that … The Ethiopia Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training program (E-FELTP) is a master’s degree-granting program in field epidemiology. In spite … Epidemiology of non-communicable diseases Misganaw A et al. Data were extracted independently by two reviewers using data collection format, which includes data on the year of publication, a region of the study, age of … Cross-sectional study was conducted in Assosa district of Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, North West Ethiopia from November 2011 to March 2012. Method: PubMed and Scopus were searched for primary, case series and human studies for publications from inception to July 2017. Globally, an estimated 3 to 5 million cases of severe influenza illness and 291 243–645 832 seasonal influenza-associated respiratory deaths occur annually. … Wudu.Jemberu@wur.nl, Wudu.Temesgen@uog.edu.et. A cross sectional study was conducted from September, 2011 up to December, 2011 in South West Showa zone, in Woliso Woreda, Oromia state with the objective of determining the prevalence of bovine Trypanosomiasis. EPIDEMIOLOGY Multiple Choice Questions and Answers pdf :-1) All of the following are true of odds ratio except: A) It is an estimate of relative risk B) It is the only measure of risk that can be obtained directly form a case-control study C) It tends … The aim of this program is to strengthen the public health emergency management system in Ethiopia by producing competent field epidemiologists. Page - 2 Ethiopia UNAIDS/WHO Epidemiological Fact Sheet - 2004 Update Adults (15-49) HIV/AIDS estimates In 2003 and during the first quarter of 2004, UNAIDS and WHO worked closely with national governments and research institutions to recalculate current estimates on people living with HIV/AIDS. SCOPING REVIEW Open Access Malaria epidemiology and interventions in Ethiopia from 2001 to 2016 Hiwot S Taffese1, Elizabeth Hemming-Schroeder2, Cristian Koepfli2, Gezahegn Tesfaye1, Ming-chieh Lee2, James Kazura3, Gui-Yun Yan2 and Guo-Fa Zhou2* Abstract Background: Ethiopia is one of the African countries … … Total adult population : 53,390,400 Prevalence of diabetes in adults : 3.2% Total cases of diabetes in adults : 1,699,400 Recently the composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) has been implemented to measure the prevalence of malnutrition. Page 2 Principles of Epidemiology Introduction The word epidemiology comes from the Greek words epi, meaning “on or upon,” demos, meaning “people,” and logos, meaning “the study of.”Many definitions have been proposed, but the following definition captures the underlying principles and the public health spirit of The risk of blinding trachoma is greater in women than in men. Abraham, G., Berhan, A. It is relatively well studied in southern Ethiopia but data from other parts … 130 TOP EPIDEMIOLOGY Multiple Choice Questions and Answers pdf. This index presents a … The distribution of the disease and knowledge about filarial elephantiasis and podoconiosis are not well known in Ethiopia. Keywords: hypertension, epidemiology, prevalence, associated factors, Ethiopia Background . The dog is the species most responsible for human exposure, with over 98% of the human cases and vaccinations due to the bite of rabid or suspected rabid dogs. period. Since then, PMC-Ethiopia has produced eight radio serial dramas, six radio talk shows and radio magazines, 10 books sharing personal stories, 10 booklets aimed at youth, and numerous training workshops and other multi-media materials. However, infectious diseases are a key constraint in livestock production affecting productivity and food security. (PPR) virus in camels, cattle, goats and sheep in Ethiopia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 70: 51-57. FETPs train a workforce of field epidemiologists, Ethiopia confirmed its first case of COVID-19 on 13 March 2020, two days later the WHO declared a pandemic of the disease, and as of 26 June 2020, the country tested 237 464 suspects, of whom 5425 (2.3%) cases had been confirmed positive and of these, 89 (CFR = 1.6%) died and 1688 (31.1%) … A study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with gastrointestinal parasitism in western Oromia during 2003–2004. Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of EL in northern Ethiopia using the conventional methods in combination with PCR and to evaluate the inherent diagnostic capacity of conventional tests (clinical sign and microscopic examination) for diagnosis of EL … We aimed to document the prevalence and mortality associated with four major non-communicable diseases in Ethiopia: cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These … 2 Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review … Mosquitoes become infected with chikungunya when they bite a person already infected. The study showed that the overall … Field Epidemiology Training Program Through the establishment of a Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP), CDC supports Ethiopia in strengthening the capacity of its workforce to investigate and respond to disease outbreaks. the molecular epidemiology of the disease [15]. Introduction: Acute poisoning is an injury in which the toxic effects occur almost immediately, usually within hours from the time of exposure. 4 National Animal Health Diagnosis and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia. PMC-Ethiopia won a 2011 Global Media Award, and the Country Representative, Dr. … Postnatal depression is among the common mental health problems that occur during the postnatal period. Therefore, this sys-tematic review and meta-analysis aimed to systematically summarize the available evidence on the epidemiology of postnatal depression in Ethiopia and suggest recommendations for future clinical practice. This study aimed to understand livestock producers’ perception on importance and epidemiology of livestock diseases. Ethiopia. COVID-19 in Ethiopia. 384 … The epidemiology of alcohol consumption in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Getinet Ayano1*, Kalkidan Yohannis2, Mebratu Abraha3 and Bereket Duko4 Abstract Background: Globally, excessive alcohol consumption is a major public health problem and is associated with social, mental, physical and legal … 2. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to systematically summarize the available evidence on the epidemiology of postnatal depression in Ethiopia … Ethiopia and South Sudan have the highest prevalence of active trachoma: in some areas of these countries, active disease is present in more than 50% of children aged 1–9 years and trichiasis affects more than 10% of adults. Small ruminant is an important and integral part of livestock in Ethiopia. So far, the training has been delivered … Child malnutrition continues to be the leading public health problem in developing countries. To know the epidemiology and disease burden, the literatures published by different scholars were systematically reviewed. Mosquitoes spread the virus that causes chikungunya. 2 JHPN meagre health resources and hinders economic de-velopment in Ethiopia (4) . In Ethiopia, malnutrition is a leading cause of child illness and death. Box 281, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. The outcome of this systematic review was the epidemiology of HTN in Ethiopia, including prevalence, distribution, risk factors, and awareness about the disease. The molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis, Mtb) is poorly documented in Ethiopia.The data that exists has not yet been collected in an overview metadata form. The EFELTP has provided valuable opportunities to improve epidemiology and laboratory capacity building in Ethiopia. Epidemiology of ambulance utilized patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Menbeu Sultan1*, Yonas Abebe2, Assefu Welde Tsadik3, Catherine Ann Jennings4 and Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman5 Abstract Background: Well organized and appropriately utilized pre-hospital emergency services play a critical role in augmenting emergency … Epidemiology of intestinal parasitic infections in preschool and school-aged Ethiopian children: a systematic review and ... (IPIs) amongpreschool and school-age children in Ethiopia, but there is lack of study systematically gathered and analyzedinformation for policymakers. Ethiopia is one of the 48 countries of the IDF African region. A total of 757 ruminants (257 cattle, 255 sheep, and 245 goats) were included in the study using standard coprologic parasitological procedure. There is an outbreak of chikungunya in Ethiopia. (2001) The use of antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants in Ethiopia. 463 million people have diabetes in the world and more than 19 million people in the AFR Region; by 2045 it will be around 47 million. Tropical Animal Health and Production 33: … Similarly, Global Burden of Disease (GBD) stud-ies estimated age-standardized death rates of 800 per 100,000 population for non-communicable diseases in Ethiopia, of which … 57 Review on Epidemiology of Bovine Tuberculosis in Ethiopia Biruk Akalu College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, Ethiopia Abstract: Ethiopia is one among the nations that possesses the largest number of livestock population in the Epidemiology of Bovine Mastitis in Ethiopia General aspect In Veterinary medicine, Mastitis is referred to an intramammary inflammatory reaction caused by physical or chemical agents but bacteria accounts for the majority of cause and the majority of cases are infectious. Influenza is an acute viral disease of the respiratory tract which is characterized by fever, headache, myalgia, prostration, coryza, sore throat and cough. November 2011 to March 2012 Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia in the highlands Ethiopia... 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