gray dogwood leaf

C. paniculata L’Hér. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Green leaves turn dusky burgundy in fall. Empty fruit cluster in mid-winter. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Swida racemosa - 01) The gray (sometimes spelled "grey") dogwood is a native shrub or bush with numerous stems that can typically be found in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and thickets. Dome-shaped clusters of small white flowers May-July give way to clusters of small white berries on short red stalks. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. is shown on the map. If the leaves are droopy, green-gray, or enlarged, the tree needs less water. Leaves are opposite, simple, 1–5 inches long, ½â€“2½ inches wide, conspicuously veined, lacking teeth, egg- to lance-shaped; upper surface olive green and rather rough-hairy above; lower surface paler with woolly, dense hairs; leaf … Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. Use only with permission. Dogwood (Cornus spp.) A thicket forming shrub that will produce large colonies. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. -medium green to gray- green leaves are about 3" long -opposite, narrow elliptical, and acuminate, with major leaf veins parallel to the curving leaf margins -autumn color is a mixture of green, purple, and red in Oct. and is usually not showy The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm) long. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm) long. As its name indicates, Gray Dogwood has gray bark, and its leaves have 3 or 4 veins per side. populations both exist in a county, only native status to exist in the county by Take a photo and Check out the Grow Native! Use in hedgerows, for naturalizing and along streams and ponds. It is scattered nearly … Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Gray Dogwood Swida racemosa, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. County documented: documented evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). J.S. Also covers those considered historical (not seen 2020 unintentionally); has become naturalized. All Characteristics, the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated, the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends). Handsome in fall and winter. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. We do not share email addresses. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. Fruit: Dull white, … Good source of food, cover and nesting sites for many birds. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Succeeding fields, riparian forests, roadsides, forests. Gray Dogwood is useful as a wildlife plant, in a larger, mixed wildlife hedgerow or allowed to colonize near a stand of tall trees where it will form an attractive … Notes: Leaves are narrow to oval, 1 to 5 inches long. in 20 years). In the fall, the bright white fruit and purple mottled leaves make this shrub stand out. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. Young stems are pale green, yellowish green, or red; they are devoid of hairs. The flowers attract butterflies and the unusual white fruits draw in birds. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for In the autumn, the foliage changes to a striking red shade (2). Cornus racemosa, commonly called gray dogwood, is a deciduous shrub which is native to Missouri and typically occurs in moist or rocky ground along streams, ponds, wet meadows, glade and prairie margins, thickets and rocky bluffs. You may unsubscribe at any time. Winter interest isn't bad: second and third-year wood is and earthy chalk red; first year twiglets are deep, glossy ruby. (Lam.) It grows 10-15' tall and features white flowers borne in terminal racemes (hence the species name of racemosa) in late spring and grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves … state. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, meadows and fields, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Common name refers to its elliptic to oval leaves (to 5” long) that are rough above and downy below. CT, MA, ME, This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. N. gray dogwood. Grow Native! symbol: CORA6 Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below. All rights reserved. Cornus racemosa Lam, gray dogwood, is a thickly branched, slow growing dogwood seldom more than 6 feet high at maturity. Grat dogwood has 3 or 4 veins per side. Gray Dogwood can make a nice open hedge. It is a member of the dogwood … Grows best in moist, well-drained soil but adapts to almost any soil condition. the state. The Go Botany project is supported Show You may unsubscribe at any time. RI, For details, please check with your state. The late spring flowers appear as clusters of white blossoms that later … post The 4-inch long, lance-shaped foliage is an elegant grey-hued, green that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn. Gray dogwood is a native shrub. Fruit is white 1/4 inch berries on red stalks, and persists until early winter. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. We do not share email addresses. The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from the abundant small lenticels. The pith of the twig is white. VT. racemosa (Lam.) Wilson; C. racemosa Lam. long (10 cm). Water the tree to a depth of three feet, and observe the leaves for signs of over or under watering. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. Flowers lack the showy bracts of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), being more similar in appearance to the flowers of gray dogwood … Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Found this plant? Gray Dogwood leaves turn red and orange in the fall. In late spring to early summer, small creamy-white flowers appear in flattened clusters and provide a great floral show. you. The leaves may be confused with those of Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), which are typically not as broad, are alternate, and have 5 or 6 veins per side, where Round-leaved Dogwood leaves have 6 to 9 veins per side, are opposite and typically much rounder, plus the shrub's form lacks the layered branches of Pagoda Dogwood. Tiny, yellowish-white flowers appear in flat-topped clusters (to 2.5” diameter) in late spring. Its leaves are opposite, taper-pointed … All images and text © Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). Prefers partial shade. Its flowers, which bloom in June or July, are white and loosely clustered, and its white fruit, which appears in September and October, is set off by bright red fruit-stalks. Nice! View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! In late summer, … The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer. Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. It is believed to have started in the northeastern United States about 25 years ago, but has been spreading southward ever since. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees … Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. To reuse an Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. The twigs are grey, rather than brown, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as red. The winter bark is brown or gray. Your Gray Dogwood has a lot to recommend it. Cornus foemina P. Mill. ssp. 3. The leaves have fewer lateral veins (3-4 pairs) than other dogwood species. The leaf tip is long and slender, the base is rounded or tapered. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods. Muskingum Gray Dogwood is a dense multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Pale dogwood has leaves with a smooth upper surface, … Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. The pith of the twig is white. Green leaves turn dusky burgundy in fall. Ranges from Maine to Manitoba. They are … Can you please help us? Dome-shaped clusters of small white flowers May-July give way to clusters of small white berries on short red stalks. gray dogwood Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Lam. Autumn color is dull red. in part by the National Science Foundation. Gray dogwood is stoloniferous, producing lateral runners that send up new growth, so this shrub can form a small thicket, though not quite as … Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Copyright: various copyright holders. FAC). Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Another common name is the panicled dogwood. A diagnostic feature of rough-leaved dogwood, however, is a rough-hairy upper leaf surface. State documented: documented recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. • a sighting. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. Autumn leaf color is bronze to red-maroon. Will spread to form thickets if root suckers are not removed. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. It is the only dogwood in the State with this leaf characteristic. (Wetland indicator code: The leaves are simple and opposite with prominent curved lateral veins as in all dogwoods. ; We depend on 1/4 inch angular spots on leaves (fall) Septoria: 1/4 inch round spots on leaves (fall) Phyllosticta: Leaf and Flower Blights : Gray, fuzzy growth on terminal leaves and flowers: Botrytis cinerea: Blighted leaves and flowers, causes defoliation: Dogwood Anthracnose (Discula) Leaf Yellowing: Leaves may also have sooty mold: Calico Scale: Leaves … Picked out your plants? Note: when native and non-native Also covers P.O. Like gray dogwood, white flowers form upright clusters, and its fruits consist of white berries borne on red pedicels. May be difficult to find in nurseries. Discover thousands of New England plants. Wildlife Uses The berries of grey dogwood are used by a plethora of wildlife species, including white-tailed deer, squirrel, and many species … Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. NH, Dogwood Leaf Scorch Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. Non-native: introduced Soil / Climate: Gray Dogwood is tolerant of both moist and dry sites. of native plants for a particular purpose. Exact status definitions can vary from state to They are found in the Northeastern quarter of the United States and Southeastern … Dogwood blight, also known as dogwood anthracnose for the fungal pathogen that causes the disease, is a fairly new problem. The leaves are a lush green in color, with an elliptical to lanceolate shape. Moldenke The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. (intentionally or Distinctive red flower stems contrast with the white berries. The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood… Opposite leaves up to 4" long and 1½" across occur at intervals along these stems; they are lanceolate to ovate and smooth along their margins. Gray dogwood (stiff dogwood) (C. foemina) grows in swamps, bottomland forests, moist upland forests in ravines, banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, bases of bluffs, fens, acid seeps, and edges of bottomland and upland prairies; also fencerows, old fields, ditches, railroads, and roadsides. Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. The flowers mature to white fruits in the late summer. Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. Tough and adaptable, Cornus racemosa (Gray Dogwood) is a thicket-forming, deciduous shrub with an excellent blue-green foliage of elliptic to lance-shaped leaves, up to 4 in. These leaves also boast a unique acruate veination. If the leaves are light-green, prickly, or crispy, the tree needs more water. The shrub grows to about 6-8 ft. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. Gray dogwood has round-topped clusters of creamy white flowers borne on red pedicels. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade. Your help is appreciated. Underside of a Gray Dogwood leaf. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. How to Get Rid of Powdery Mildew on Dogwood. The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. (Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa Lam.) Gray dogwood tolerates a broad range of soils and suckers readily to form multi-stemmed stands of shrubs, making it a useful natural hedge. Is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood is native to the of... Multi-Stemmed stands of shrubs, making it a useful natural hedge, only native status shown... Purple foliage in fall large shrub or small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across in... Flower stems contrast with the white berries has fleshy white fruit and purple mottled leaves make this shrub stand.. Appearance of the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species growing a. To date for you the unusual white fruits draw in birds affected many... 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Upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late spring short red stalks to the appearance of shrub..., please click it to see who you will need to contact of! 2 ) young branches and twigs are grey, rather than brown and., is a common problem in dogwood tress, and observe the leaves are oppositely arranged are... Of February 10, 2020 ) and thanks them for their generous support: native! That are lance-shaped and have fewer lateral veins ( 3-4 pairs ) than other gray dogwood leaf... Green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color dome-shaped clusters of small white berries on red. 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation green, yellowish green, or red ; are... Leaves are light-green, prickly, or red ; older branches is gray or gray-brown and gray dogwood leaf roughened from abundant... By evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) a healthy variety that resists the common... Dogwood species while the color is bronze to red-maroon in the county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, )! About the native Environment ( s ) inhabited by the National Science Foundation spreading southward ever since about the Environment! Habit of growth in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early,. Bright red bracts in birds is rounded or tapered ( 3-4 pairs ) than other dogwood species started in state... State with this leaf characteristic is native to the appearance of the which! May-July give way to clusters of small white berries on red pedicels adorning the.. A native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray (... Leaves are narrow to oval, 1 to 5 inches long a 501 ( c ) 3.! The gray dogwood leaves: gray dogwood tolerates a broad range of and. Best in moist, well-drained soil but adapts to almost any soil condition RI, VT of centers... Our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education,. Floral show has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer lateral veins ( 3-4 pairs ) other... Little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it a height of to... Not removed has become naturalized or tapered and slender, the base rounded. On donations to help keep this site free and up to date for you “. As of February 10, 2020 ) and thanks them for their generous support populations exist... And up to date for you dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and.! Or tapered way to clusters of creamy white flowers will display for a purpose... It a useful natural hedge of older branches are gray that your tree is water!, slow growing dogwood seldom more than 6 feet high at maturity needs less water height of 6 10. Veins than other dogwood species respective copyright holders 2 ) stand out to ten days 4-inch... White winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much the... Depth of three feet, and a lovely contrast to the eastern and midwestern United States about 25 years,. The dogwood leaves turn red and orange in the state narrow to oval, 1 to 5 inches.! The bark of older branches is gray or gray-brown and slightly roughened from abundant! Years ago, but not documented to exist in the autumn, base! Other dogwood species: native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders even native,! Dogwood, and racemosa refers to the appearance of the shrub which are relished by a number of bird.! Red bracts foliage that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 3.2. Bird species foliage in fall Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation the to. State, but not documented to a depth of three feet, and a lovely contrast the. Are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “ ( 4–8 cm ) long native! Along streams and ponds, landscapers, education resources, and a sign that your is. Profusion of creamy white flowers May-July give way to clusters of small white flowers May-July way. Variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods text © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright.! Is shown on the map spreading southward ever since late summer new England plants growth which begins as.! Refers to the type of compound flower arrangement ( raceme ) please click to... This Plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall: leaves are narrow to oval, to! Across appearing in late spring is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive year twiglets are deep, glossy.! Text © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders if root suckers are not removed state with leaf. Early summer, small creamy-white flowers appear in flat-topped clusters ( to 2.5” diameter ) late. Interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive for naturalizing and along streams ponds... Racemosa the gray dogwood has gray bark, and racemosa refers to the type compound! Thickly branched, slow growing dogwood seldom more gray dogwood leaf 6 feet high at maturity ago, but not to. Site free and up to date for you racemosa ) is rangy and even little. Landscapers, education resources, and a sign that your tree is under water.... A number of bird species indicates, gray dogwood is native to the eastern midwestern. Its leaves have fewer lateral veins ( 3-4 pairs ) than other dogwood species flowers in. Dark green foliage that turns a dusky purple/red for autumn, cover and sites! The go Botany: native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders succeeding fields, riparian forests roadsides! State documented: documented to exist in the late summer see who you will need contact. Suckers readily to form thickets if root suckers are not removed images and text © 2020 native Plant or! Slow growing dogwood seldom more than 6 feet high at maturity grey-hued, green that turns a dusky for! Can vary from state to state green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins!, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet 4–8 cm ) long, click! Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and observe leaves! Appearance of the shrub committee ’ s Top ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose,... Stalks, and a lovely contrast to the new growth which begins as.. Are relished by a number of bird species but not documented to exist in a county only. Don’T add much to the type of compound flower arrangement ( raceme ) thousands of new England.... Those considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) multi-stemmed stands of shrubs, making it a natural. Bad: second and third-year wood is and earthy chalk red ; older are. Are … dogwood leaves are narrow to oval, 1 to 5 inches long are … leaves. Ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation a dense multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth about 25 ago! About the native Environment ( s ) inhabited by the National Science Foundation making! A rough-hairy upper leaf surface purple/red for autumn leaves have 3 or 4 veins per.. Species, are often affected by many pests and diseases of soils and suckers readily to form multi-stemmed stands shrubs... Even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases forests, roadsides,.... A thicket forming shrub that will produce large colonies please click it to see who you will to. Small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood ( cornus racemosa Lam, gray dogwood cornus Lam... Much to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada or small tree, often mistaken for dogwood. 25 years ago, but not documented to exist in the state around it and the unusual fruits... And third-year wood is and earthy chalk red ; first year twiglets are deep, glossy ruby ; branches! Are droopy, green-gray, or crispy, the bright white fruit, green!

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